Client Letter
CO2 Conversion: Key Value Addition To Managing Emissions
September 30, 2015

Dear Reader, emerging technological solutions to ongoing environmentalproblems may offer immediate rewards. Resolving the carbon issue may helpresolve multiple issues simultaneously: how to leverage innovation to help solveglobal greenhouse gas emission efforts; resource scarcity issues; and improvingprocess efficiency.

Commercial-scale carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) is an expensive commercial reality. Leading approaches to mitigating emissions impact include amine-based solvent capture, pre-combustion capture, such as gasification, oxy-combustion, and other high efficiency combustion techniques, as well as CO2 conversion schemes. Integration or conversion of CO2 (instead of releasing or sequestering it) can offer immediate benefits to a variety of industries. A mature management method is the utilization of piped CO2 to enhance oil recovery (EOR) but is limited to applicable sites. Direct air capture of diffuse CO2 emissions has also recently been proposed. (see pp. 6 ) ...Full Article

Industry Analysis
Pending ‘XTX’ Incentive Plans in Wyoming and Alaska

In late 2013 and early 2015 Shell and Sasol, respectively canceled their large-scale gas-to-liquids (GTL) projects in Louisiana, which, according to statements by management, was largely predicated on uncertainty in commodity markets and possible run-up in labor-related construction costs. Both companies decided to pursue other opportunities while keeping the GTL option on the shelf. ...Full Article

Analysis- GTL Development Series Part Two: Missed Opportunity for Natural Gas-Derived Products?

The latest Henry Hub natural gas price is US$4.63/MMBtu. The prospect of low gas prices continuing in the long-term have stimulated the development of more than 40 gas-conversion projects. All told, U.S. gas-conversion investment alone could represent some US$60 billion in capital expenditure. Following this industry closely, your correspondent reports an average of one new gas-conversion project announcement every two weeks. A recent survey conducted by this publication found 43 gas-conversion projects under development or evaluation in the U.S. Indeed, this time last year there were less than 25. Despite the investment, are energy companies missing the opportunity for gas-conversion? A majority of energy companies are focusing on alternative development routes, instead. In this analysis, we seek to establish the case for gas-conversion as this fledgling industry begins commercialization....Full Article

Feature Articles
Recent Fuel Cell Innovations

“When it comes to energy research – the kind that will transform the country’s economic, security and environmental outlook – the nation needs more than first downs. It needs touchdowns, and West Virginia University is about to drive two into the end zone,” according to a recent West Virginia University report.  Meanwhile, Germany’s SFC Energy reports a successful order for the company’s Fuel Cell technologies by Germany’s Bundeswehr for fuel cell devices on German military vehicles....Full Article

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