Client Letter
Robust Emissions Regulations Calls for Efficiency Improvements
December 22, 2015

Dear reader, at the recent Conference of the Parties of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), or COP 21, in Paris, officials from many countries of the developed world largely signaled the intent to move away from coal. Several countries have emerged as ongoing exceptions to the status quo, however, largely on energy security and availability needs, along with coal’s pervasive representation in the labor allocation in these countries.

While Western Europeans are accelerating their exit from coal, their eastern neighbors, such as Czech Republic and Poland are taking steps to keep mines open for decades. In many of these countries, coal is the only domestic alternative to oil and gas imported from Russia, including  Bulgaria (50% coal dependency) and Serbia (67% coal dependency). ...Full Article

Industry Analysis
Pending ‘XTX’ Incentive Plans in Wyoming and Alaska

In late 2013 and early 2015 Shell and Sasol, respectively canceled their large-scale gas-to-liquids (GTL) projects in Louisiana, which, according to statements by management, was largely predicated on uncertainty in commodity markets and possible run-up in labor-related construction costs. Both companies decided to pursue other opportunities while keeping the GTL option on the shelf. ...Full Article

Analysis- GTL Development Series Part Two: Missed Opportunity for Natural Gas-Derived Products?

The latest Henry Hub natural gas price is US$4.63/MMBtu. The prospect of low gas prices continuing in the long-term have stimulated the development of more than 40 gas-conversion projects. All told, U.S. gas-conversion investment alone could represent some US$60 billion in capital expenditure. Following this industry closely, your correspondent reports an average of one new gas-conversion project announcement every two weeks. A recent survey conducted by this publication found 43 gas-conversion projects under development or evaluation in the U.S. Indeed, this time last year there were less than 25. Despite the investment, are energy companies missing the opportunity for gas-conversion? A majority of energy companies are focusing on alternative development routes, instead. In this analysis, we seek to establish the case for gas-conversion as this fledgling industry begins commercialization....Full Article

Feature Articles
China Opportunities in Focus

At the sidelines of this year’s Gasification Technologies Council conference, Syngas Refining report sat down with officials from synthesis Energy Systems and Synfuels Americas. Delome Fair joined Synthesis Energy Systems (SES) in December 2014 as Senior Vice President- Gasification Technology. SES is a Houston-based technology company focused on bringing clean high-value energy to developing countries from low-cost and low-grade coal and biomass through its proprietary gasification technology based upon U-Gas licensed from the Gas Technology Institute. ...Full Article

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