Client Letter
Japan to Step Up ‘Ultra-Supercritical’, IGCC Amid Coal Efficiency Push
June 30, 2015

Dear reader, Japan’s latest decisions with regard to coal may accelerate the uptake of cleaner coal technologies. The nation, which has meager resources of conventional oil and gas reserves, must rely heavily on imports of petroleum fuels. Although contracted and spot LNG volume prices have fallen with the crude oil price drop--Ministry of Economy, Trade, and Industry (METI) assessed prices average $7.6 per million British thermal unit, (MMBtu) in May)--average May-assessed Australian coal import prices run at $2.5 per MMBtu.

t;Marginal domestic conventional petroleum reserves coupled with growing energy demand, a push for more efficient coal-burning processes, accelerated CO2 reduction efforts,  the drive to reduce foreign exchange on imported fuels, including coal—by deriving more thermal output per unit of coal feedstock--, and effectively banning legacy inefficient processes, could foster a shift to emerging ‘cleaner coal’ technologies, including ultra-super-critical (USC) combustion and Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC). ...Full Article

Industry Analysis
Pending ‘XTX’ Incentive Plans in Wyoming and Alaska

In late 2013 and early 2015 Shell and Sasol, respectively canceled their large-scale gas-to-liquids (GTL) projects in Louisiana, which, according to statements by management, was largely predicated on uncertainty in commodity markets and possible run-up in labor-related construction costs. Both companies decided to pursue other opportunities while keeping the GTL option on the shelf. ...Full Article

Analysis- GTL Development Series Part Two: Missed Opportunity for Natural Gas-Derived Products?

The latest Henry Hub natural gas price is US$4.63/MMBtu. The prospect of low gas prices continuing in the long-term have stimulated the development of more than 40 gas-conversion projects. All told, U.S. gas-conversion investment alone could represent some US$60 billion in capital expenditure. Following this industry closely, your correspondent reports an average of one new gas-conversion project announcement every two weeks. A recent survey conducted by this publication found 43 gas-conversion projects under development or evaluation in the U.S. Indeed, this time last year there were less than 25. Despite the investment, are energy companies missing the opportunity for gas-conversion? A majority of energy companies are focusing on alternative development routes, instead. In this analysis, we seek to establish the case for gas-conversion as this fledgling industry begins commercialization....Full Article

Feature Articles
Jamnagar and Jazan: Leveraging Refinery Gasification

Recent updates by Reliance Industries (RIL) and Saudi Aramco indicate two $4 billion plus refinery co-located Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) plants will be online in India and Saudi Arabia, respectively, by the end of 2017. Both projects are well advanced in construction and utilize gasification processes to ‘upgrade’ refining residuals into higher-value feeds for power generation, chemicals synthesis, and improving the efficiency of the refining process. Increasing utilization of local resources offsets the pricing and transport fees of alternatives. ...Full Article

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Zeus Intelligence Services provides market data and expertise in the areas of World LNG Trade, LNG Fuels, Upstream Natural Gas, and Gasification. We offer (1) topical periodicals and research reports, (2) interactive project databases, (3) conferences & seminars, and (4) consulting services.
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